International Court of Justice


The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The Court's role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.


Relocation of the US Embassy to Jerusalem (State of Palestine v United States of America)

In 1947, Jerusalem was granted the unique status of ‘Corpus Separatum’; it was to be the first city in the world under a Special International Regime, administered by the newly formed United Nations. Thus in effect, it belonged to neither Palestine nor Israel, despite both states vying for it to be their capital. Exactly 60 years later, The United States shifted its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, effectively stating it to be the latter’s de facto capital. Perturbed by this development, Palestine has appealed to the ICJ, citing it to be a violation of the agreement they had signed initially.

The Executive Board

Firdaus Mohandas


Hey, I’m Firdaus, and I graduated from Step by Step School in 2018. I currently study law at St. John’s College, Oxford. I especially enjoy constitutional law and have a particular interest in the concept of legislative supremacy and its implications for the rule of law. I have also developed a great affinity towards public international law over the course of my MUN career, which chairing the International Court of Justice (ICJ) will allow me to explore further. The case that we will be dealing with is of significant complexity, and its recency means there is little existing literature resolving the issue. This means that the ICJ as a whole will have to delve into unchartered territory in coming to a decision, with its opinion having a far-reaching significance for a number of issues. This, coupled with the opportunity to return to SBS, makes the conference a very exciting prospect, and I look forward to the fruitful and engaging debate.

Diya Ahuja


Dear delegates,

It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the SBSMUN2019.
All our committees and their respective agendas have been crafted after painstaking and sensitive discussion and debate. This year we have a number of specialised committees of which the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is perhaps one of the most nuanced. As you already know, we will be exploring the relocation of the Arab embassy to Jerusalem. It is a complex subject with no easy linearities of cause and effect. We thus expect you to do extensive research and be able to grasp what is not said.

I look forward to a stimulating and vibrant conference!

Prisha Tewari


The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Keeping this in mind, the committee requires delegates to maintain a strong sense of diplomacy while settling international legal disputes, staying extremely attentive and analysing each and every point put forward. Furthermore, you should focus on solutions that are pragmatic and concise. I hope to see you utilise your judicial abilities to the best and come up with interesting and justified decisions on the facts with respect to the agenda of the ICJ.

Good luck delegates!